There are many facets that come with a large IRA account, some of which are easily overlooked if you're not analyzing your accounts throughout the year.
We are constantly bombarded with requests to update our information. “Password needs updating.” “Software update for your mobile device.” “Please update your email so our marketing team can continue to fill your inbox with spam.” It is never ending. Most of these update requests are trash. An automatic delete. However, some updates are vitally important and demand our attention. Regarding retirement accounts and IRAs, here is a countdown of five critical items that should be considered, reviewed and updated immediately:
5. On-line 72(t) calculators. It is not just individuals that need to do some updating. Custodians and webmasters must as well. Historically, when calculating a 72(t) payment schedule, a reasonable interest rate was required for the amortization or annuity factor methods. The rate was defined as “any interest rate that is not more than 120 percent of the federal mid-term rate for either of the two months immediately preceding the month in which the distribution begins.” With IRS Notice 2022-6, that rate can be bumped to 5% if 120% of the federal mid-term rate is considered too low. Many on-line 72(t) calculators have yet to update for Notice 2022-6 and do not allow the user to manually override the pre-filled interest rate. Updates are needed.
4. Life expectancy factors. The IRS issued new life expectancy tables, effective in 2022. Anyone subject to required minimum distributions (RMDs) is required to switch to these tables for this year. The result for both lifetime and inherited IRAs will be slightly smaller RMDs. While failure to switch would not result in anything illegal, it would leave an account owner on an antiquated payout schedule and result in distributions that are slightly larger than necessary. Custodians must also update their software and on-line RMD calculators to reflect the new tables.
3. RMDs during the 10-year rule. Under the SECURE Act, most beneficiaries will be subject to the 10-year payout rule. When this pay period was first introduced, industry consensus was there were no annual RMDs for years 1-9. However, IRS proposed regulations issued last February apply a strict interpretation of the 10-year rule. For anyone who inherited an account from a person who died on or after their required beginning date, RMDs apply in years 1-9. Beneficiary payout schedules from inherited IRAs should be updated to include those RMDs.
2. Trusts. If you named a trust as your IRA beneficiary, and if that trust was drafted prior to the SECURE Act, it definitively must be reviewed and potentially updated…or scrapped altogether. The SECURE Act turned IRA beneficiary planning on its ear, and trusts as IRA beneficiaries are far less effective than they once were. As such, trusts created prior to the SECURE Act must be updated. Failure to do so could completely undercut the original intent of the trust.
1. Beneficiary forms. Far and away the most important item to review for possible updates are beneficiary forms. Time after time we see cases where retirement funds – dollars that took a lifetime to accrue – get paid to an unintended beneficiary or get gobbled up by attorneys as people fight over the proceeds. Beneficiary forms should be reviewed at least annually, and more frequently as life events occur. Marriage? Divorce? New child? All are legitimate reasons to review and potentially update your beneficiary forms.
Retirement and tax rules are dynamic. In addition to the items above, be sure to update your general knowledge to stay current with the important things in life.
By Andy Ives, CFP®, AIF®
Ed Slott and Company, LLC